The following article was originally published on May 15,, 2014. It has been reviewed and updated as necessary by the ProBrewer editorial staff .
For related articles on ProBrewer also see; Brewpubs and distribution – Special considerations for brewpubs, Off-site sales for brewpubs and on the ProBrewer Discussion Boards “The Brewpub Business Model”
by Teri Fahrendorf
© Teri Fahrendort, reprinted with permission of author
1. The brewpub philosophy.
2. Educating the staff on the brewpub philosophy.
3. The importance of appearances.
4. Educating the staff on beer.
5. Educating the customer on beer.
6. The importance of making unique products.
7. The customer’s brewpub experience.
1. THE BREWPUB PHILOSOPHY
Every business should have a philosophy as part of its business plan. As a brewpub, you must know what your purpose is, both as a brewery and as a restaurant. After all, a brewpub is a split personality business that must show a unified face to the public. You want the customer to become excited and educated by what he encounters, not confused or disappointed.
Steelhead’s brewpub philosophy is TO PROVIDE EVERY CUSTOMER WITH AN OPTIMUM BREWPUB EXPERIENCE.
2. EDUCATING THE STAFF ON THE BREWPUB PHILOSOPHY
The staff must understand the brewpub philosophy as an underlying bottom line. Excellence must be the determining factor.
Get the staff excited about where they work. This isn’t just any restaurant, it’s a brewpub. And this isn’t just any brewpub, this is Steelhead, where quality of the beer is No.1. The beer and food must be excellent and up to Steelhead standards, therefore the service had better match it.
Having excellent beer, food & service is the goal of every restaurant, therefore the brewpub must go one step beyond to succeed. The customer must have a unique and memorable brewpub experience while they are there. Every staff member the customer encounters must be knowledgeable about the beer. Plus, if the customer is interested in learning more about beer and brewpubs, any staff member must be able to point the customer in the proper direction. Get the customer involved.
3. THE IMPORTANCE OF APPEARANCES
As a brewer, brewing behind a large piece of glass separating the brewery from the restaurant & bar, I am in the entertainment business. Yes, brewpubs are like Disneyland for beer drinkers. The staff working in the brewpub needs to recognize that fact. People come to Steelhead because they can see the brewery from any seat in the pub. If they come in during the day, say, for lunch, then they can watch the brewers at work.
What visual image do we want to present to these customers? Is the brewery clean, well-lighted and modern looking? Do the brewers look like professionals, working in a sanitary place? Never mind the fact that I’m small and female. I still look like a professional in my little Willy Wonka whites and black rubber boots. All our brewers wear a white zipped jump suit and are easily identified as brewers. All brewpub employees, whatever their position, must appear professional.
4. EDUCATING THE STAFF ON BEER
There are three human levels of beer information that are available to educate the customer. These levels are determined by the depth of beer knowledge the employee has.
The First Level of Information:
Every employee who comes in contact with the public at Steelhead will become part of the first tier of information.
In order to accomplish this goal at Steelhead, these front line, front of the house staff members are given a three-page Beer Information Sheet to study. Then they take a 14-question Beer Quiz and must answer at least 10 questions, or 70% correctly.
In this information sheet they learn how we make beer, beer styles, the microbrewing industry, and also commonly asked questions, such as, the difference between a brewpub and a microbrewery, and the difference between beer and ale. The server then becomes the first level of information for the customers’ questions.
Before our two new brewpubs were opened, the brewmasters we hired held “Beer School” for the new employees. All employees got a tour, a flavor class with all the beers we would be opening with, a question & answer period with the brewmaster, and of course, the Beer Information Sheet and Quiz.
Employees who show further interest in learning about beer are directed to the Employee Beer Training Manual which we created. This gives a very broad background on beer, beer styles, ingredients, processes, and flavor training. Employees wanting to learn to homebrew are encouraged to. They are directed to the local homebrew store, and we give them free advice and raw materials.
The more our employees know about beer, the more our customers will benefit.
The Second Level of Information:
In addition to the Beer Quiz, all managers and bartenders must assist the brewer in the brewhouse for one day. Other employees may brew one day if they request it. They get to climb inside the fermenter, haul out the spent grain, everything.
Besides fostering a great respect for what the brewer does, these staff members become the second level of information for the customers’ questions. They are the next best source of information if the brewers are not on site. They also have learned hands-on what everything in the brewery is for, and they can give tours when the brewers are not available, or give “window tours” by pointing through the brewery window.
The Third Level of Information:
The brewers are the third and last tier of information for the customer. Since they are easily identified in their white jump suits, customers often approach the brewers as they eat lunch at the bar, or walk through the dining room. It is important for the customers to be able to interact with the brewers because it helps them to “claim” Steelhead as their favorite place and Steelhead’s beers as their favorite brands.
Although we strive for consistency in our products, the sophisticated customers love to discuss the merits of this batch versus the previous one, or tell the brewer what specials they’d like to see brewed again. Some customers get quite attached to certain beers, you’d almost think they owned those beers. It is important for the customer to feel he or she is involved in the process, and it is part of what makes the brewpub experience special.
In addition to the three human tiers of information, we have literature available which describes our brewing process and the answers to the most commonly asked questions. This is most helpful for shy or new customers.
If the customers want more information beyond this, depending on their questions, they are directed to either our local West Coast consumer microbrewery newspaper, the Celebrator Beer News, the local homebrew supply shop, or are given the phone number of the Institute for Brewing Studies in Boulder, Colorado.
5. EDUCATING THE CUSTOMER ON BEER
The customer’s first access to beer education at Steelhead is the menu, and flavor-filled descriptions of all our beers are listed on the menus. In addition, there are colorful drawings of the brewing process, showing all the tanks, and the process flow from one tank to the next.
First-time customers are encouraged to order a Sampler Set, which includes a 5 oz. sample of each of our beers, served on a 4 x 14 inch piece of paper listing each beers’ descriptions. These are actually very popular with the customers, and they often ask to take a Sampler Sheet or a menu home as a souvenir.
In addition, it is important to continue customer beer education off site. Tomorrow’s customers may include someone who never heard of brewpubs today. Our brewers attend local beer festivals, and are encouraged to speak in front of local service organizations such as the Rotary or Kiwanis Clubs.
6. THE IMPORTANCE OF MAKING UNIQUE PRODUCTS
Another way to give the customer a more complete brewpub experience that is uniquely you, is to give them more products they can’t get anywhere else. Don’t just fill an underused niche, create a new one! Create demand for a product that doesn’t even exist yet. Many Pacific Northwest microbrewers’ current best sellers were not brewed five years ago. For example, when we opened in January of 1991, we were the first brewery in the Pacific Northwest to feature an India Pale Ale as a regular beer on tap all the time. Now several Northwest breweries feature IPA as a year round product.
At Steelhead, in addition to a minimum of five of our own beers on tap, our brewpubs also sell homemade rootbeer which the brewers make in kegs in the brewery. It’s a unique recipe developed from several soda extracts, sugar, and water, so it’s easy to make, and tastes like no one else’s rootbeer.
To connect the brewery to the restaurant, we make the menu unique to Steelhead. We use Spent Grains in both the homemade bread, and in the pizza crusts. Many dishes can be made with beer, so encourage your chefs to experiment. The more your menu reflects your beers, the more the customers’ experiences will be unique to your brewpub. This should also make your brewpub more shockproof in case of brewpub competition.
For example, when Steelhead opened in 1991, we were the second brewpub in Eugene, a town with a population of 120,000 people. Now there are four within walking distance of each other, and a new 300 seat brewpub and music hall is slated to open next Spring. In addition, the town across the river now has its own brewpub.
The competition has not dampened Steelhead’s success, if anything, it has made more potential customers aware of brewpubs. Once they discover brewpubs, often a beer drinker will choose a brewpub specifically over a tavern, bar or restaurant. Hopefully their experience there was good. Then when they realize there are several brewpubs in the area, and then visit Steelhead, we make sure they have a great experience. Your brewpub is unique. A customer often cannot get your beer anywhere else in the world.
7. THE CUSTOMER’S BREWPUB EXPERIENCE
The bottom line is the customer’s experience at the brewpub. Did it fulfill or exceed their expectations? After all, a brewpub is like Candyland for beer drinkers. Was the staff courteous and knowledgeable? If they were so inclined, was the customer able to learn anything about beer, brewpubs, and the microbrewing industry? And the clincher, are they anxious to tell their friends about their visit, and bring their out-of-town relatives in for lunch?
In conclusion, a brewpub is a brewery, restaurant, bar and kitchen, whose staff must work together as a unified whole for the business to be successful. A brewpub also breaks the tied-house laws by manufacturing, wholesaling, and retailing its own beer, all at the same site. It does this through special state licensing. A brewpub is a microbrewery that sells most of its beer on site, in a restaurant or pub which is required to sell food. And, a brewpub is always a restaurant first, and a brewery second.